Understanding Aquarium Filtration

Aquarium filtration is a great thing for most people. Many people have a misconception. They think that the filter should care for overfeeding and as well as keep the water perfectly suitable for fish.

Most of the new filters are complex, large, and expensive. You may not know the amount of filtration is the cause of most problems. In this post, we will help you clear up the mystery as well as understand this.

It’s easy to keep your aquariums not only clean but also suitable for fish as you see. There are three basic methods to filter water including chemical, mechanical and biological filtration.

Most filter systems are related to a combination of at least two of them. In addition, some use all three. Now, let’s take a look at this post for more details.
Understanding Aquarium Filtration

With chemical filtration

In order to remove an impurity, you can consider using an item such as carbon or zeolite. The chemical reaction normally is very short lived. In addition, it can lessen rapidly from the very beginning of the use.

In my mind, you should think about this type of filtration as a temporary measure when you prefer to do an extraordinary amount of maintenance on a continual basis. This is a great choice for removing medications from the water. Also, it’s great to reduce sudden spikes of toxins.

You should have some of these items on hand. However, it’s not good to incorporate them into your daily filtration system. Generally, you may have to waste time and money on doing this.

Mechanical filtration

This is related to the trapping as well as removal of waste particles. Actually, this is considered as a great idea. In fact, most filters can’t do it for the aquarist effectively.

Most mechanical filters can be able to work well for trapping some particulate matter. They come with a tendency that moves the water too fast. That’s why it may break the particulate matter into smaller pieces.

The fact is that these small pieces will be going to become suspended. They contain the dangerous heterotrophic bacteria. And, they may be harmful to our fish. You need to keep the bacteria away from our fish.

Filters moving water through the aquarium at higher speeds can be able to make it worse. Small waste particles are considered to be the enemy.

Filters moving water too fast can create a large number of small bubbles and make them become an even greater problem. Water movement needs to be slow enough to cause the particles in order to encourage small waste particles to settle in the filter chamber.

It’s hard to achieve this with most power filters as well as canister filters. Very large aquariums come with proportionately large settling chambers.

Aside from removing these particles from the water column, you should remove them from the bottom of the tank. That the fins of fish often touch the bottom can cause problems when your fish friend rubs against them. Thus, you should draw a filter from the tank bottom as well as anything it can’t get.

After you let waste be on the tank bottom for more than one day, it will turn into an unsightly mulm. At this stage, it can be able to increase the dissolved solids in the water. That’s why you need to make much difference by cleaning your filter a couple day.

Biological filtration

During this process, nitrifying bacteria actually break down nitrites and ammonia as well. In fact, it’s not difficult to have adequate nitrifying bacteria in aquariums, including ornamental fish. You can have to raise somewhere around 100-150 adult angelfish when it comes to a 20-gallon tank.

In the one with angelfish or other ornamentals, problems from heterotrophic bacteria or dissolved organics could destroy the fins. Also, they may be able to kill the fish long before ammonia become a problem.

A surprisingly small biological filter can help to deal with the ammonia produced in the average aquarium that has ornamental species. Thus, it’s not hard to provide with a small inexpensive filter.

Tying it all together

The fact is that chemical filtration is not great for most aquarists. Also,  mechanical filtration performed in a manner can be detrimental. Actually, most aquarists depend on these. And, some of the most expensive filters may be also the least effective.

An undergravel filter is one of the oldest filters. Water flows through the gravel will create a very effective biological filter. If you set up the flow going down through the gravel, it will create an effective mechanical filter.

If they are maintained properly, they will be very effective. You won’t have to pay much for buying them. So, they are the best options for an aquarium with a substrate.

When you set one up, remember to put the filter plates on the bare tank bottom. Then, you use a layer of polyester batting in order to cover them. The foam purposes to protect the substrate from falling into the filter plate. In addition, it helps to give the greater surface area for nitrifying bacteria as well.

Also, you have to cover it with a substrate. When you do a water change, you need to remove particulate matter thanks to a gravel cleaner.

When it comes to breeding operations or the raising of fry, you should consider using bare bottom tanks. But, the fact is that not all foam filters are great. You have to choose one with a pore size appropriate for keeping your fish. It’s best to provide an adequate surface area for nitrifying bacteria.

A note about filter size

Not all filters come in a specific size for a particular number of gallons of water. They help to consume ammonia and nitrites from a particular bio-load. This includes the total mass of fish as well as heterotrophic bacteria in the tank. They need to be sized accordingly to the number as well as the size of fish related to water temperature, Ph, age, and a few other factors.